Migraine is a neurological disease. It is manifested by attacks that can occur with varying frequency – from 1-2 times a year, up to several times a month. The main manifestation of migraine attacks is a headache, which can be very severe. Other frequent manifestations include nausea and vomiting, as well as intolerance to light and sounds.
If, during a headache, you feel nauseous, irritate light or sound, and the headache breaks the habitual activity, then most likely it is a migraine.
Why Does Migraine Appear?
The cause of migraine lies in the brain. Pain with migraine is associated with disorders in structures that are responsible for carrying out pain and other sensations. There is a hereditary predisposition to the development of migraine: that is, you can inherit it from one of the parents.
Who Has Migraine?
Every seventh adult suffers a migraine, so the disease occurs quite often. In women, migraine appears three times more often than men. Usually, the disease begins in childhood or adolescence. In girls, migraines usually begin during puberty. Since there is a hereditary predisposition to the development of migraine, this disease is transmitted from generation to generation.
How Does The Migraine Appear?
All migraine symptoms occur during an attack that has four stages of development, although not all of them can be fully represented. Between seizures, most people with migraine feel good.
The phase of migraine precursors (prodrom) occurs before all other symptoms of the attack and not more than half of the patients. If you have a prolong, then you can feel irritability, depression or fatigue for a few hours or even a couple of days before the development of the headache. Some on the contrary can note an unusual increase in activity. Some people may have an increase in appetite.
What is The Treatment?
Medicines that are used to remove an existing attack of migraine, called the means for arresting migraine. Properly selected medications can be very effective if taken correctly and in small amounts. These drugs include over-the-counter analgesics, most of which contain aspirin, ibuprofen or paracetamol; among them paracetamol is least effective. The soluble forms of these preparations, for example, in the form of effervescent tablets, act faster and better.
If you are very concerned about nausea or vomiting, you can use antiemetics. Some of them actually increase the action of analgesics, as they increase their absorption in the gastrointestinal tract. If you experience severe nausea or vomiting, you can use these drugs in the form of rectal suppositories. There are no methods for a complete cure for migraines.