Preventive measures for migraines include diet, restorative measures, taking medicines to organize a healthy lifestyle.
Medication prophylaxis of migraine
Prevention of migraineThe dose and scheme of taking medications is prescribed only by a neuropathologist in the event that the number of seizures exceeds 1-2 per quarter. The most commonly used drugs are:
- Belloid, bellaspon
- Redergin or vasobral
- Deseril (metisergid) and sandomigran (pizotifen)
- Anaprilin (propranolol, obzidan)
- Amitriptyline, melipramine or azafen
Patients suffering from migraineshould avoid psychological and physical overstrain. Deterrent hostility and repressed anger lead to the onset of an attack.
Some patients may have precursors before a migraine attack. They indicate the onset of a severe headache. This phenomenon is called aura.
Symptoms of the aura: fog in eyes, dizziness, visual, tactile and auditory hallucinations, impaired coordination and speech, tearfulness, desire to eat sweet. If you take a medicine during this period, in some cases you can prevent the onset of an attack.
Avoid lack of sleep and spillage. Regularly engage in gymnastics and heal the cleanliness of the air in the room. With a healthy lifestyle and properly selected treatment, it is possible to reduce the number of seizures to 2-3 per year.
It is necessary to observe a special diet, in which there will be no provocative products.
f you need to relieve a migraine attack with a drug, you need to talk with your doctor.
Tablets are more convenient to use. But in those cases when there is a spasm of the stomach – they are ineffective. You can try a soluble dosage form or tablets for resorption (panadol, paracetamol).
The choice of this drugs should be approved by your doctor. As a sedative, aspirin, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, triptans, paracetamol are suitable. But it must be remembered that they have their contraindications, which must be read before admission.
There are several ways to relieve an attack without medication. Some people are helped by neck and head massage, washing their hair, facial exercises, contrast shower, sleep. But such methods can be helped with a minor headache. Yoga, acupuncture and homeopathic preparations help.