To provoke an attack of migraine can substances contained in food or the diet itself. Alcohol, even weak as wine, champagne or beer, can cause migraines. In addition, it is recommended to avoid foods with flavoring, sodium glutamate, aspartame and caffeine.
Caffeine or its absence is a risk factor for migraine. So, a person who is used to consuming a lot of coffee or caffeine-containing foods, with a sharp decrease in the amount of caffeine entering the body, can develop a migraine attack. Cheese with mold, chocolate, citrus fruits, cocoa, nuts in the menu can cause a similar reaction due to the content of phenylethamine and tyramine.
Other substances are triggers that enter the body from food:
However, more often the mechanism of migraine development is influenced not by food, but by the frequency and amount of its intake. So, an attack can occur against a background of a strict diet or when you skip meals, for example breakfast.
Hormonal factors: First of all it concerns menstrual migraine, which is widespread among women. The development of the attack is affected by fluctuations in the level of estrogen in the blood. It can be provoked by hormone replacement therapy, used to treat reproductive system diseases, oral contraceptives, as well as ovulation or menstruation.
Environmental factors: Change of seasons, fluctuations in temperature, pressure, humidity, heat or frost, overdried air in the room can act as provocateurs. The same applies to noise, unexpectedly loud sounds, bright flashing lights or fluorescent lighting annoying visual receptors.
Sleeping mode: In particular, this applies to migraine sleep, an attack can develop as a background of lack of sleep. Jet lag, sleepless nights, all these factors can contribute to the onset of migraine.
Internal factors: Attacks of migraine can arise due to chronic pain in the spine as a result of cervical osteochondrosis. In addition, internal provocators may be a lack of magnesium and iron in the body, sudden changes in blood glucose levels and anemia.
Medicines: In addition to hormonal medicines; reserpine, nitroglycerin, ranitidine, hydralazine, histamine as part of preparations can cause migraines.
Psychophysiological factors: Emotional overload, prolonged stress, sudden relaxation after a stressful situation, nervous breakdowns, anxiety and attacks of fear, suppression of emotions.
Other factors: Trauma and damage to the skull, excessive physical activity and etc.